Preparing your manuscript

VMOST JOSSH mainly publishes original research and review articles which should provide a significant and substantial amount of new knowledge that can contribute to the existing theory or practice in the relevant field. The review articles should present a highly conceptual, intellectual, and in-depth analysis of an issue supported by a vigorous synthesis of relevant literature.

The structure of different types of articles may vary according to the type of study, and the content of the article.

The following are the detailed main components of the original research and review articles submitted to the journal.

          Original research

          The original research should have three following parts:

Preliminary section: it includes title, list of all contributing authors with their institutional affiliation, and abstract (160-250 words) with at least 3 keywords.

The title

          List the author names here: authors should be listed by first name or initial followed by last name and separated by commas. Use superscript numbers to link affiliations, and symbols *†‡ for author notes. For example, X. Jones1*, P.Y. Smith1, 2

          Author’s affiliation addresses:

          1Affiliations should be preceded by superscript numbers corresponding to the author list

          2For any institutions, please provide the institution name, street, district, city, country

          Received   ; revised   ; accepted


          Start your abstract here…

          Keywords: keyword 1, keyword 2, keyword 3…

          Classification number(s): 1.1, 2.2, 5.3, etc.

          The abstract should range between 160 and 250 words and be structured in a single paragraph following keywords in a separate line. The abstract should represent the main part of the research manuscript. It should reflect a brief and comprehensive background following the aim of the study (main questions to be addressed), methods used for investigating the problem, a summary of significant findings, main conclusions, and implications of the results.

          Keywords: they should come immediately after the abstract and contain 3-7 specific and relevant keywords. They should reflect the research study and the relevant field of research.

          Classification numbers: depend on the Journal’s Classification Scheme.

Manuscript section: it is the main body of the scientific manuscript that consists of an introduction, purpose/objective of the study, research questions and/or hypotheses, literature review, research methods/methodology, results, discussion, suggestions/recommendations/implications/study limitations...(if any), and conclusions. These sections may slightly vary depending on the type of research approach and design used in the research. Each section should be numbered.

          All of the Figures, Tables, and Equations should be cited in numerical order.


          Fig. #: (Begin each figure caption with a label, “Fig. 1.” for example, as a new paragraph).

          Fig. 1. The figure caption should begin with an overall descriptive statement of the figure followed by additional text. They should be immediately after each figure.

Figure parts are indicated with capital letters (A). If you prefer, you can place both the actual figures and captions logically through the text near where they are cited rather than at the end of the file (but not both).  If a paragraph in the main text begins with the name of a figure, write out “Figure” in full (e.g., <para>“Figure 1 shows…”).

Fig. 1. The figure caption.


          Table #: (Begin each table caption with a label “Table 1.”, etc.) as a new paragraph.

          Table 1. Start this caption with a short description of your table. Format tables using the Word Table commands and structures. Do not create tables using spaces or tabs characters.

Table 1. Caption.


Closing section: it includes supplementary materials (if applicable), CRediT author statement (for multiple authors), acknowledgements (if applicable), competing interests, and a complete list of references corresponding to all the citations given in the text of the manuscript. The supplementary materials may include data files and other material relevant to the research that should be submitted in separate files if required.


          The appendices should ideally be under 1000 words (approximately 2 A4 pages) for printing version. With longer appendices, they are only accepted for online publication.

          CRediT author statement (for multiple authors)

          CRediT offers authors the opportunity to share an accurate and detailed description of their diverse contributions to the published work.

          ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (if applicable)

          This section is for the researchers who were funded for the research projects, and it should enclose all sources of financial support.


          The author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article.


          For in-text citation: References should be cited in the bracket with a number [1]. Multiple reference citations are separated by commas [2, 3] or if a series, dashes [4-6].

          When citing sources with the author and the year, they should be shortened to the first author’s name, followed by et al. (with more than one author) and the year.

          For reference list: With more than three authors, the first three should be listed and followed by et al.

          References are listed in numerical order, and in the same order in which they are cited in text. The reference list should include all and only those references you have cited in the text. The reference list appears at the end of the paper. Please do not mix in references with explanatory notes.

          The reference consists of: First name and initial of all authors followed by last name and separated by commas (Year of publication), “Titles of journal articles or chapter of book”, Title of Journal, Book or Other Publication, Volume(Number), page numbers, DOI (if any).

          To cite a website and online/electronic resources, please include the accessed date (day month year).

          Example of a reference list:

          [1] D. Acemoglu, U. Akcigit, H. Alp, et al. (2018), “Innovation, reallocation and growth”, American Economic Review, 108(11), pp.3450-3491, DOI: 10.1257/ aer.20130470.

          [2] G. Dosi (2000), Innovation, Organization and Economic Dynamics, Edward Elgar, 720pp.

          [3] Asia Program Area (1975), “The agricultural situation in the Far East and Oceania: Review of 1974 and outlook for 1975”, Foreign Agricultural Economic  Report, No.105,, accessed 15 August 2022.

          Review articles

          They should be different from the original research as they would contain different sections on the literature review. Authors may structure this part as per nature, background, and available literature on the issue argued in the manuscript.