Formatting Guide

VMOST JOSSH mainly publishes original research and review articles which should provide a significant and substantial amount of new knowledge that can contribute to the existing theory or practice in the relevant field. The review articles should present a highly conceptual, intellectual, and in-depth analysis of an issue supported by a vigorous synthesis of relevant literature.

The following are the detailed main components of the manuscripts submitted to the journal.

Original research
The original research should have three following parts:

Preliminary section: it includes title, list of all contributing authors with their institutional affiliation, and abstract (160-250 words) with at least 3 keywords.

The title

List the author names here: authors should be listed by first name or initial followed by last name and separated by commas. Use superscript numbers to link affiliations, and symbols *†‡ for author notes. For example, X. Jones1*, P.Y. Smith1, 2

Author’s affiliation addresses:

1Affiliations should be preceded by superscript numbers corresponding to the author list, and each affiliation should end with a period.

2For any institutions, please provide the institution name, street, district, city, country.

Received ; accepted


Start your abstract here…

Keywords: keyword 1, keyword 2, keyword 3…

Classification number(s): 1.1, 2.2, 5.3, etc.

The abstract should range between 160 and 250 words and be structured in a single paragraph following keywords in a separate line. The abstract should represent the main part of the research manuscript. It should reflect a brief and comprehensive background following the aim of the study (main questions to be addressed), methods used for investigating the problem, a summary of significant findings, main conclusion, and implications of the results.

Keywords: they should come immediately after the abstract and contain 3-7 specific and relevant keywords. They should reflect the research study and the relevant field of research.

Classification numbers: depend on the Journal’s Classification Scheme.

Manuscript section: it is the main body of the scientific manuscript that consists of an introduction, purpose/objective of the study, research questions and/or hypotheses, research methods/methodology, results, discussion, and conclusions. These sections may slightly vary depending upon the type of research approach and design used in the research. Each section should be numbered.
All of the Figures, Tables, and Equations should be cited in numerical order.

Fig. #: (Begin each figure caption with a label, “Fig. 1.” for example, as a new paragraph).
Fig. 1. The figure caption should begin with an overall descriptive statement of the figure followed by additional text. They should be immediately after each figure.
Figure parts are indicated with capital letters (A). If you prefer, you can place both the actual figures and captions logically through the text near where they are cited rather than at the end of the file (but not both). If a paragraph in the main text begins with the name of a figure, write out “Figure” in full (e.g., <para>“Figure 1 shows…”).

Fig. 1. The figure caption.

Table #: (Begin each table caption with a label “Table 1.”, etc.) as a new paragraph.
Table 1. Start this caption with a short description of your table. Format tables using the Word Table commands and structures. Do not create tables using spaces or tabs characters.
Table 1. Caption. 


Closing section: it includes supplementary materials (if applicable), CRediT author statement, acknowledgements (if applicable), competing interests, and a complete list of references corresponding to all the citations given in the text of the manuscript.
The supplementary materials may include data files and other material relevant to the research that should be submitted in separate files if required.

The appendices should ideally be under 1000 words (approximately 2 A4 pages) for printing version. With longer appendices, they are only accepted for online publication.

CRediT author statement
CRediT offers authors the opportunity to share an accurate and detailed description of their diverse contributions to the published work.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (if applicable)
This section is for the researchers who were funded for the research projects, and it should enclose all sources of financial support.

The author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article.

References should be cited in the bracket with a number [1]. Multiple reference citations are separated by commas [2, 3] or if a series, dashes [4-6].
References are listed in numerical order, and in the same order in which they are cited in the text. The reference list should include all and only those references you have cited in the text. The reference list appears at the end of the paper.
Please include the above heading “References”.
Please do not mix in references with explanatory notes.
The reference consists of: First name or initial of all authors followed by last name and separated by commas (year of publication), “Titles of journal articles or chapter of
book”, Title of journal, book or other publication, volume(number), page numbers,
DOI (if any).
Example of a reference list: [1] Bernard Bailyn (1982), “The challenge of modern historiography”, American Historical Review, 87(1), pp.1-24, DOI: 10.1086/ahr/87.1.1. [2] S.M. McCauley, M.H. Christiansen (2019), “Language learning as language use: a cross-linguistic model of child language development”, Psychological Review, 126(1), pp.1-51, DOI: 10.1037/rev0000126.

Review articles
They should be different from the original research as they would contain different sections on the literature review. Authors may structure this part as per nature, background, and available literature on the issue argued in the manuscript.