Rubber industry in Southern Vietnam (1954-1975): An economic dimension


  • Tran Ngoc Dung*


This paper examines the significance of the Statistical Yearbook of Saigon’s government in providing a comprehensive overview of the rubber industry in Southern Vietnam in the period 1954 to 1975. Prior to 1945, rubber plantations played a crucial role in the economy of French Indochina. After the French left Vietnam following the Geneva Agreement in 1954, the Saigon government endeavoured to take control of the rubber industry. However, due to the war and the incompetence of Southern Vietnam’s officials, the rubber industry in the region experienced instability during the period 1954 to 1975. Consequently, the Saigon government struggled to control and develop economic activities. This paper contends that despite these challenges, the rubber industry remained pivotal in Saigon’s economy after 1954. This claim is supported by the expansion of rubber plantations, the industry’s contribution to Southern Vietnam’s exports, and its impact on the overall economy and society.


agricultural reforms, French influence, rubber plantations, Saigon, Southern Vietnam


Classification number

7, 8.1

Author Biography

Tran Ngoc Dung

Institute of International Relations, Ho Chi Minh Academy of Politics, 135 Nguyen Phong Sac Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi, Vietnam




Received 9 February 2023; revised 11 April 2023; accepted 5 June 2023

How to Cite

Tran Ngoc Dung. (2023). Rubber industry in Southern Vietnam (1954-1975): An economic dimension. The VMOST Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 65(2), 93-106.



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