Scientists’ motivation to patent and commercialize their inventions at universities and research institutes

Authors

  • Huu Can Nguyen*

Keywords:

commercialize, motivation, patent, scientist, self-determination

Abstract

Inventions and patented technologies have recently been a more important contributing factor of economic growth in Vietnam. However, statistics showed that the number of patent applications from universities reached its highest level of about 160 applications, with about 110 applications from research institutes (in the year 2020). This number is still much lower than that of individual and enterprise applicants (about 340 applications from individuals and 390 applications from enterprises in 2020). Self-determination theory (SDT) and a literature review suggests that scientists’ motivation to patent and commercialize their inventions is effort expended by a variety of intrinsic and extrinsic reasons. Based on qualitative analysis results, we found explorative evidence that both intrinsic reasons belonging to the scientists themselves and extrinsic ones arising from the environment of the scientists’ inventive activities are positively associated with the scientists’ motivation. Therefore, to implement the Intellectual Property Strategy to 2030, policymakers need to consider a variety of factors including not only extrinsic rewards, but also personal and social aspects related to intrinsic desires.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31276/VMOSTJOSSH.64(2).120-128

Classification number

7

Author Biography

Huu Can Nguyen

Vietnam Intellectual Property Research Institute, 39 Tran Hung Dao Street, Hang Bai Ward, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi, Vietnam

 

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Published

2022-08-20

Received 28 February 2022; revised 10 May 2022; accepted 20 May 2022

How to Cite

Huu Can Nguyen. (2022). Scientists’ motivation to patent and commercialize their inventions at universities and research institutes. The VMOST Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 64(2), 120-128. https://doi.org/10.31276/VMOSTJOSSH.64(2).120-128

Issue

Section

Other Social Sciences